Mosquitoes are vectors of numerous diseases such as malaria, yellow fever, filariasis, dengue chikungunya. Most female mosquitoes require a blood meal before they can produce a batch of eggs.
Anopheles, culex and Aedes are the most common species of mosquitoes that spread diseases. These vectors develop through four stages: egg, larvae, pupa and adult, complete development from egg to adult usually takes 10 to 14 days but varies according to the species and temperature.
The best integrated practices can keep the mosquito menace at a tolerable level, but stopping the influx of mosquito is a very difficult task as they have various sources of breeding.
Mosquito control can be very difficult but must be attempted to not only get rid our homes and business of annoying bites but also to stop the spread of certain mosquito borne health problems. But even if we eliminate all possible breeding sites on our property, mosquitoes born in other areas will still fly to your part of the world. Therefore vector control measures work well when taken at community level. There are some methods that the experienced pest control operator may utilize to reduce mosquitoes pest problem.
The best control mechanism is prevention. Eliminating all possible mosquito breeding sources – standing water, piles of cut grass and fallen leaves, cleaning fence rows of wild grasses and weeds, keeping rain gutters free of litter and other vegetation- is indeed your starting point in an integrated pest management program targeting disease carrying pests.